Planning

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Jeudi 5 avril 2018 à 16h30
Sébastien Gourbière
LGDP, Université de Perpignan Via Domitia, France
Théorie et Modélisation : intérêts et enjeux pour la Biologie ?

Résumé : Présentation des grands types de contribution que peut avoir la modélisation à la Biologie en l’illustrant bien entendu au travers de mes propres travaux.

Jeudi 31 mai 2018 à 16h30
Bijan Mohammadi
Institut Montpelliérain Alexander Grothendieck, Université de Montpellier, France
Nearshore simulation and design platform

Résumé : Minimization principles are used in fluid-structure coupling to model sandy sea beds  evolution. A sandy bed is seen as a structure with low stiffness. Water motion in shallow domains is described by the Saint Venant equations.
This coupling is based on the assumption that the bed adapts  to the flow in order to minimize some energy quantity together with  minimal  sand transport.
The approach is shown being equivalent to the use of an  Exner equation for the bed with a nonlocal expression for the sediment transport flux. Because the choice of the functional permits to include different physical quantities which might play a role in bottom morphodynamics, the approach is also a tool for validating different modeling hypothesis.
The presentation also aims at quantifying the impact of state uncertainties in littoral erosion to provide confidence bounds on deterministic predictions of bottom morphodynamics. Two constructions of the bathymetry standard deviation are discussed. The first construction involves directional quantile-based extreme scenarios using what is known on the flow state Probability Density Function (PDF) from on site observations. We compare this construction to a second cumulative one using the gradient by adjoint of a functional involving the energy of the system.
Our aim is to keep the computational complexity comparable to the deterministic simulations taking advantage of what already available in our simulation toolbox.
These ingredients are used to illustrate the dynamics of nearshore sand bars and their interaction with infra-gravity Waves. We also consider the application of the platform to the quantification of the amount of buried oil in the intertidial beach zone. This is a major hazard in oil transport by sea with either ships or coastal pipelines.
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Mise à jour le 3 avril 2018